Did you know that except for skin cancer, prostate cancer is the most common cancer found in men?
So, what can men do to lower their risk for prostate cancer? Should all men be screened for prostate cancer?
In an insightful interview, Dr. Kuteesa Job, a Urologist at UMC Victoria Hospital, addresses 10 common questions about prostate cancer.
What is the prostate?
The prostate is a gland found only in men that produces fluid, a crucial component of semen.
What causes prostate cancer?
While the specific cause of prostate cancer is hard to pinpoint on a case-by-case basis, studies suggest a potential link to high-fat consumption and obesity.
How common is prostate cancer?
In Uganda, prostate cancer takes the lead as the most prevalent cancer among men, with an age-standardized incidence rate of 41.6 per 100,000.
Who is most at risk of getting prostate cancer?
Prostate cancer typically affects older men, particularly those aged 65 and older. Additionally, individuals with a family history of prostate cancer face a higher risk.
How can men lower their risk?
To reduce the risk of developing prostate cancer, I recommend maintaining a balanced diet without excessive fat, regular exercise, and avoiding tobacco.
What are the symptoms of prostate cancer?
Signs of prostate cancer and related problems include difficulty urinating, frequent urination, decreased force of urination, difficulty starting or stopping urination, blood in semen, and pain or discomfort in the pelvic area. Widespread bone pain can also indicate advanced prostate cancer.
When should men be screened for prostate cancer and how often?
Men experiencing symptoms should consult their doctor or urologist. The American Cancer Society recommends screening for men above 50, African men above 45 (or white men above 45 with a first-degree relative with prostate cancer), and men above 40 with more than one first-degree relative with prostate cancer.
What does screening for prostate cancer involve?
Screening starts with a digital rectal exam and a PSA blood test. An elevated PSA could indicate prostate cancer or other related issues.
Would patients diagnosed with prostate cancer see a cancer specialist or urologist?
Patients with an elevated PSA would typically be referred to a urologist. Treatment involves a collaborative approach, including a urologist, cancer specialist, and other healthcare staff.
How is prostate cancer treated?
Treatment depends on factors such as the cancer stage, Gleason score, overall PSA, amount of cancer in the prostate, and whether it has spread. Options include surgery, radiation, therapy to reduce testosterone levels, and chemotherapy in advanced cases.
As we raise awareness of Prostate Cancer this November, UMC Victoria Hospital encourages men experiencing symptoms to consult our specialized urologist in Bukoto, opposite Biplous furniture store.